Synonym of discouraging

Alternative for discouraging

Antonym: encouraging,

discourages, discouraged, discouraging

Synonym: daunt, deject, deter, disapprove, hinder, keep from, prevent,

Antonym: encourage,

Adjective

That causes discouragement
depressing disappointing disheartening dispiriting off-putting unpropitious dampening daunting unfavourable demoralising demoralizing gloomy inauspicious unpromising black bleak dejecting depressive deterring disadvantageous dismal dismaying dissuading dreary hindering inopportune ominous oppressive repressing unfavorable upsetting not encouraging not hopeful intimidating saddening hopeless distressing sad disenchanting unfortunate adverse ill-omened baleful infelicitous unhappy ill-fated crushing uninviting frightening melancholy unsettling foreboding portentous disconcerting forbidding sombre somber unpleasant formidable morbid doomed jinxed unlucky cursed regrettable untimely dire direful wretched bodeful sinistrous baneful ill-boding ill-starred disturbing doubtful creepy sickening grim pessimistic cheerless disillusioning sobering joyless unhopeful dubious inhibiting dissatisfying frustrating anticlimactic distasteful unappealing offensive disgusting lamentable calamitous luckless heartbreaking deterrent deplorable poor disastrous afflicted unprosperous forsaken ruinous awkward destitute hapless objectionable unappetizing unpalatable disagreeable unsavoury repellent unattractive nasty out of luck in a bad way awesome unnerving obnoxious painful bad alarming rebarbative horrible horrid heart-rending untoward harrowing pathetic mournful drear doleful teary heartrending sorry tearful grave funereal blue lachrymose distressful unsavory repulsive mean-looking exacting challenging scary fearsome taxing overwhelming fazing melancholic threatening minatory doomy sinister menacing ill fateful unchancy impending evil

Adjective

Highly disturbing in nature
troublous upsetting distressing disturbing troublesome disquieting perturbing unsettling troubling worrisome discomforting discomposing nagging worrying bothersome nasty trying annoying irksome irritating aggravating unpleasant vexing provoking harassing difficult dismaying wearisome alarming tiresome inconvenient painful distressful burdensome disconcerting disagreeable frightening startling discommoding severe agitating ominous depressing foreboding gloomy onerous sinister perplexing creepy hard laborious pessimistic toilsome consequential disruptive impeding intrusive threatening embarrassing prophetic uncertain nerve-racking unnerving harrowing shocking appalling displeasing disgusting dreadful sickening awful horrid nauseating abominable loathsome hairy fraught terrible vile foul distasteful hideous gruesome ghastly horrendous nauseous grisly nail-biting nerve-wracking objectionable horrible off-putting ugly hateful gut-wrenching tormenting confronting hurtful disappointing anxious restless tense nervous uneasy concerning discomfiting devastating revolting repulsive offensive obnoxious repugnant obscene odious abhorrent stomach-churning emetic stomach-turning forbidding noxious uninviting gross despicable contemptible reprehensible noisome disheartening horrific daunting horrifying execrable cringe-making putrid vomitous yucky sick-making heinous gut-churning beastly rancid God-awful icky fulsome evil bogging scandalous dire grim demoralizing macabre frightful rebarbative loathly yucko disgustful monstrous terrifying grotesque unsightly unpalatable unspeakable atrocious repelling vomit-inducing repellent direful lurid demoralising exasperating vexatious stressful galling agonizing frustrating excruciating agonising traumatic maddening harsh nightmarish awkward tedious wearing grievous cruel bad uncomfortable bitter miserable pesky taxing pestiferous pestilent antagonizing antagonising unwelcome wretched plaguy peeving chafing rankling nettlesome infuriating riling pestilential brutal hellacious carking nettling abrasive pesty plaguey grating niggling unpleasing uncongenial woeful rotten torturous affecting mortifying boring poor dismal doleful lousy sad tough demanding exhausting pathetic teasing grave arduous exacting challenging rough bedevilling heartbreaking tragical mean grewsome nightmare disgraceful saddening scary draining sorrowful grueling enervating testing gruelling oppressive pressured rugged infernal cussed unamusing confounded hostile detestable deplorable abysmal fearful heart-rending tragic repellant godawful intimidating hellish hectic strenuous tiring punishing sapping enraging jarring punchable harrying heartrending bewildering terrific weighty back-breaking enough to try the patience of a saint heavy rigorous enough to drive you up the wall anxiety-ridden bedeviling sticky crushing terrorizing pitiless vicious ruthless savage oppressed impoverished stark merciless bleak terrorising poverty-stricken panicky menacing anxious-making outrageous moving touching stupefying fearsome heartstopping stunning astonishing overwhelming amazing formidable staggering redoubtable surprising spine-chilling from hell wicked glaring hair-raising piteous pitiful humiliating pitiable stirring emotional impactful intense tearful impressive mournful shameful shaming plaintive tear-jerking flustering compromising sentimental poignant tender passionate expressive nostalgic demeaning degrading sensitive delicate confusing tricky touchy ignominious discountenancing barro toe-curling cringey discreditable dishonouring blush-making cringeworthy unpropitious discommodious distracting dishonoring equivocal inopportune incommodious impossible rattling puzzling unseemly humourless crummy sombre humorless unbearable sober unsavory solemn somber unsatisfactory stinking unacceptable sedate undesirable diabolical unfortunate unendurable regrettable uncool yukky grotty lamentable unhappy grody sour unappealing afflicting afflictive unsavoury anguished unlovely heart-breaking extremely bad

Adjective

Deeply pessimistic
dark dismal pessimistic gloomy downbeat cynical bleak grim negative sombre despondent gloom-ridden depressing grave dreary hopeless morose cheerless fatalistic foreboding joyless defeatist drab melancholy glum lugubrious somber depressed despairing dejected demoralised demoralized desolate disheartening dispiriting funereal morbid troubled worrying dim harsh miserable mournful sullen bitter black doleful horrid oppressive alarmist austere distrustful doubting suspicious unfortunate unhappy chilly unenthusiastic Eeyorish cold comfortless depressive disconsolate drear dreich elegiac elegiacal godforsaken gray grey saturnine sepulchral solemn dire wretched forlorn sad unpromising plutonian Cimmerian murky tenebrific tenebrous distressing chill sunless darkening inauspicious tragic lonesome unfavorable unfavourable heartbreaking unpropitious bad heartrending lonely upsetting unpleasant terrible uninviting saddening sorry pathetic lamentable disappointing cloudy woeful dreadful painful melancholic harrowing disagreeable troublesome traumatic rueful ominous abject regrettable desperate pitiable poignant awful horrific difficult distressful shocking piteous grievous agonizing heart-rending agonising adverse hard disconcerting poor sober sorrowful foul unnerving pitiful horrible uncomfortable displeasing moving dejecting dolorous ghastly discomposing disturbing unwelcome distressed lachrymose tear-jerking parlous severe forbidding ill-fated sinister appalling unamusing heart-wrenching dangerous unlikely unencouraging unoptimistic disadvantageous acherontic acheronian disquieting discomforting teary tearful portentous horrendous humourless humorless hurtful touching sorrowing gruesome afflictive skeptical looking on the black side gut-wrenching heart-breaking sceptical hostile tough dour injurious perilous serious demoralising demoralizing troubling dismaying exacting inhospitable exigent dispirited excruciating mirthless crushing dolesome alarming unlucky testing squalid threatening straitened objectionable strained unfriendly ill-omened treacherous direful ill-boding hard-pressed lurid chilling shadowy nightmarish pressing discommodious precarious tortured harmful messy undesirable jeopardous apocalyptic rocky full of hardship doubtful very bad despicable contemptible sordid downhearted disgraceful shameful vile mephitical perplexing hellish irritable unkind distasteful frightening unpalatable repellant repellent bewildering loathsome vexing revulsive frustrating macabre daunting off-putting aggravating uncongenial irritating annoying unpleasing irksome abhorrent galling repugnant perturbing vexatious oppressed anguished woebegone helpless execrable trashy rotten shoddy inferior deplorable lousy filthy weighty earnest deadly sobering fatal sedate urgent destructive ruinous ugly strenuous devastating acute critical far-reaching ill-starred indigent scungy impoverished destitute detestable derisory low scurvy bearish upset pained heartbroken disheartened downcast dingy plangent horrifying derisible mortifying pensive frightful resigned weary blue doomed brokenhearted broken-hearted up the creek unmitigable in pain long-suffering in despair grief-stricken without hope sunk inconsolable dismissive anti poverty-stricken unwilling antipathetic uncooperative unconstructive obstructive resistive resisting balky cool weak uninterested unresponsive apathetic disastrous calamitous atrocious dull crestfallen catastrophic down in the dumps base paltry cataclysmic inadequate down stark mean crummy affecting unsatisfactory down in the mouth unwelcoming abominable abysmal shabby afflicted plaintive meagre mourning stirring meager substandard hideous mediocre cataclysmal dishonorable pants dishonourable worthless chronic godawful bare in the dumps rubbish God-awful clinical in low spirits useless impersonal intolerable hurting institutional nasty cheap moody low-spirited diabolical ignominious cast down egregious rubbishy second-rate down-and-out poxy offensive fateful odious drearisome grieving devastated spiritless tragical to be pitied suffering bland lame dirty unacceptable dirgelike unsmiling draggy mopey beggarly long-faced crippling a load of pants wintry jarring wintery damning discreditable repulsive disreputable scandalous reprehensible cruddy heinous duff unspeakable moping laughable opprobrious monstrous catastrophal sickening shattering junky inept revolting sucky common schlock schlocky coarse bum god-awful feeble ruined stern low-grade compassionate commiserative arousing third-rate commiserable bargain-basement petty lamenting chap-fallen staid untoward sourpuss muted subdued inexcusable heavy-hearted detrimental unsightly gross grubby scummy ratty scabby nostalgic stony-faced no-nonsense poker-faced brooding grisly tender dirge-like inglorious taciturn ruthful degrading mortal faulty unbearable outrageous sleazy lethal sulky punk ignoble in the doldrums hapless terrifying grotty fearsome ridiculous deathly in a blue funk shady scary cheapjack trumpery terrific beastly gimcrack cut-rate low-rent el cheapo uncaring merciful unimpassioned stony unmoved spartan outcast insignificant abandoned deserted in the pits beseeching entreating supplicating imploring waste melting threnodic threnodial brutal solitary maudlin degenerate exequial deathlike funebrial sunk in gloom untimely devastative grumpy bad-tempered uncommunicative sick at heart puny Stygian obscure hollow overcast phlegmatic ill-tempered inopportune despisable disdainable frowning glowering needy pits dragged crabbed surly chapfallen mopish broody annihilatory deleterious unadvantageous bungling small bodger slipshod crude ropy penniless beggared savage annihilative given to looking on the black side absurd ludicrous humiliating inimical having the blahs having blue devils unforgivable emotional impactful intense impressive tawdry bereft blue funk penurious impecunious unearthly singing the blues not much cop senseless preposterous infelicitous sneaking foolish-looking silly undignified unpardonable unconscionable foolish indefensible sinful skint needful pauperized dirt-poor broke necessitous threadbare famished eerie crushed lorn damaging crying crucial fearful iniquitous insupportable disgusting wicked immoral grotesque ghostly gory sentimental passionate agitating expressive companionless wet hard up poor-quality cheap-jack cruel extreme unjustifiable blameworthy downer stinking overwhelming bummer drastic embarrassing pitiless grewsome nightmare cut up insufferable criminal spine-chilling intimidating dread redoubtable formidable hair-raising irretrievable spookish weird spooky shy unrespectable infamous louche notorious measly negligible insufficient bodeful sick unhealthy dilapidated oppressing fierce scowling wanky insubstantial humiliatory indecorous subpar wanting bush crumby suboptimal deficient dissatisfactory wrong beyond contempt death-obsessed yucky debasing discomfiting flimsy shlocky wack off cheesy seedy shlock run down bush-league low-quality down at heel

Adjective

Causing annoyance or anger by excessive difficulty

Adjective

Expressing an unfavourable opinion
disapproving censorious critical disparaging condemnatory deprecatory reproachful criticising criticizing frowning reproving boot-faced condemning damning denouncing denunciatory derogatory disapprobatory dissatisfied pejorative scathing unfavorable unfavourable displeased harsh hostile judgmental knocking negative slating stern full of reproof fault-finding hypercritical cavilling carping captious caviling overcritical castigatory faultfinding pedantic quibbling censuring pass-remarkable nitpicking niggling withering pernickety nit-picking contemptuous rejective hair-splitting pettifogging picky finicky cavillous reprobative accusatory reprobatory judgemental punctilious admonitory damnatory hairsplitting severe nagging overnice upbraiding accusing vituperative complaining fussy overscrupulous perfectionist over-exacting scolding griping bellyaching calumniatory belittling cutting cynical meticulous fastidious whingeing nit-picky hard to please exceptive sarcastic exacting demanding judgy incriminatory disappointed proscriptive nice abusive admonishing opprobrious fine subtle unforgiving overrefined persnickety culpatory reprehending reproaching chiding severely critical pharisaic self-righteous grousing grouchy moaning grumbling grouching precisionist whining exact precise scrupulous bleating dogmatic literalistic finical literalist purist formalist slighting over-censorious over-particular kvetching overparticular casuistical casuistic sophistical scholastic sophistic mithering chuntering critic humbling diagnostic demeaning trenchant sharp discerning penetrating biting particular choleric discriminating analytical satirical lowering difficult to please impossible to please discontented deprecating unsympathetic irritable crabby touchy cantankerous peevish nitpicky trivial testy perverse petty thorny acrimonious unfair contrary petulant unjust cross tricky very critical ultra-critical

Adjective

Cold and unfriendly in manner
frosty unfriendly cold frigid icy unsympathetic chilly cool glacial unwelcoming antiseptic arctic brittle chill clammy cold-blooded cold-eyed coldish disdainful fierce forbidding frozen gelid hard hard-eyed haughty hostile inhospitable off-putting stern stony uncordial wintery wintry reserved standoffish unenthusiastic cold as ice cold-hearted aloof distant remote unapproachable indifferent stiff unsociable unemotional stand-offish unresponsive withdrawn offish detached formal emotionless uncommunicative impersonal antisocial dispassionate unfeeling passionless uncongenial wooden undemonstrative unbending unneighbourly asocial lukewarm antagonistic unclubbable apathetic unkind standoff unsocial dry negative inimical austere impassive buttoned-up phlegmatic disagreeable restrained rigid nasty supercilious unpleasant unaffable unamicable unforthcoming offhand unloving ungracious affectless severe unneighborly uncivil antipathetic jaundiced mortal adversary adversarial repellent off ill-disposed solitary discourteous starchy unreceptive obnoxious steely guarded uninterested ill-natured stolid unconcerned Olympian cross insolent incurious annoyed offended impudent impertinent procacious uncharitable hateful stoical impassible stoic numb rude passive clinical uninvolved neutral cold-shoulder impartial unsavoury harsh objectionable unattractive ungenial tough grim iced unlikeable inapproachable ungregarious flinty uncompanionable unsmiling ungenerous inaccessible seclusive contemptuous withering malign malevolent abhorrent mean half-hearted tepid reticent unmoved unaffectionate contained self-contained lifeless unhappy depressing hesitant bad-tempered unexcitable xenophobic sober close taciturn secretive unenthused ill-tempered unsavory brusque short unfavorable unfavourable muted uncaring calm insensitive ardorless thick-skinned impervious impotent inhibited unromantic loveless businesslike unsentimental surly sour matter-of-fact self-controlled stilted misanthropic spiritless hardhearted callous aggressive stony-hearted inhuman bureaucratic quarrelsome featureless depersonalized uncolored strictly business gray colourless straight depersonalised faceless candid grey equal measured nondiscriminatory cold turkey unpassioned colorless abstract anonymous poker-faced careful soulless monolithic menacing impolite unmannerly opposite competitive estranged censorious grouchy unpromising combative grudging gruff malicious contrary disaffected against warlike malignant vengeful conflicting acrimonious spiteful opposed not on speaking terms controlled deadpan heartless flat cool, calm and collected unexpressive dead blank bland hollow vacant expressionless toneless nowhere unaffected imperturbable nonemotional unimpassioned immovable stony-eyed level-headed collected cool-headed hard-headed unruffled rational serene unagitated equable unimpressionable composed tranquil objective disinterested quiet coldhearted obdurate marble hard-hearted hard-boiled uncompassionate listless inexpressive laid-back blah along for the ride going with the flow rolling with the punches pokerfaced straight-faced laid back

Adjective

Inflicting harsh and authoritarian treatment
oppressive cruel harsh brutal severe tyrannical dictatorial repressive autocratic domineering heavy despotic draconian inhuman undemocratic unjust burdensome crushing overwhelming tyrannous authoritarian iron-fisted anti-democratic bitter coercive excruciating grievous grim hard hardhanded imperious inexorable merciless murderous onerous overbearing pitiless punitive relentless rough rugged ruthless searing stiff tough trying unfair high-handed overweening peremptory backbreaking bleak confining demanding depressing depressive disheartening dismal dispiriting distressing exacting exigent gloomy headache heavy-handed hefty ironhanded mean somber sombre stressful superincumbent taxing troublesome troubling weighty worrying rough going difficult rigorous arduous punishing gruelling strenuous challenging laborious grueling strict tiring exhausting wearisome uphill toilsome wearing back-breaking formidable testing bossy harrowing intolerable stringent arbitrary fatiguing absolute draining masterful tyrannic authoritative extreme austere serious sapping wearying rigid torturous forceful irksome autocratical intense excessive illiberal tedious tiresome overpowering fierce savage vexatious painful hellish stern herculean unbearable unrelenting arrogant autarchic killer unpleasant forbidding bothersome grinding effortful dominating totalitarian magisterial moiling dogmatic agonizing tortuous killing drastic crippling galling unyielding Herculean unsparing enervating haughty hellacious ponderous sweaty pushy agonising monocratic grave high and mighty unforgiving iron-handed inflexible officious tall persnickety hostile traumatic worrisome exorbitant disturbing swingeing immoderate ambitious daunting tricky lordly thorny debilitating tormenting intimidating doctrinaire disagreeable upsetting dire tsarist czarist strong imperative bad cocky one-party awful vexing inconvenient willful wilful sharp commanding bruising solemn unendurable insufferable flinty exasperating painstaking shattering intemperate awkward labored cumbersome inclement unmerciful uncomfortable wretched depleting unreasonable powerful compelling substantial nerve-racking distressful sticky laboured pompous Augean stifling suppressive pick-and-shovel summary bullying egotistic inconsiderate unfriendly steep imperial restrictive insensitive dominant vicious nasty mighty driving uncompromising pushful frustrating pressured unkind fraught unbending pressing colossal extravagant fascist enervative fascistic discomforting titanic toilful wicked operose absolutist spartan upstream vigorous remorseless ferocious hairy gargantuan hard-hearted radical energy-consuming weary pontifical stormy superior stark dystopian inhospitable uncontrollable desperate presumptuous profound supercilious comfortless proud potent Neronian abusive tense terrible violent embittering high-and-mighty uppity sniffy cavalier annoying barbarous sadistic dreadful regnant insolent uncontrolled irresistible anxious brutish subjugating controlling ramrod compulsive inordinate irrepressible unlimited besetting nagging undue Spartan bullish momentous far-reaching dour wild consuming impossible ungovernable callous aggravating disquieting assertive intractable unconscionable biting time-consuming towering hectic agitating baroque devilish implacable problematic unfeeling prohibitive overextravagant overmuch overdue insane plethoric offensive overmastering obsessive pestilent afflicting great racking heartless unsympathetic gross no-nonsense hard-nosed critical gruff downright immense unremitting staggering gigantic improper jarring knackering over the top thorough backbreaker really hard very hard anxiety-ridden inhibiting disciplinarian all-powerful straitened dark harmful whopping aggressive unaccountable unconstitutional single-party drudging responsible constraining prohibiting exploitive governing stretching pushing czarlike tactless mind-blowing persuasive dynamic tight very severe thoroughgoing complex complicated confused concentrated intensive abstruse te recondite knotty bare-bones barren desolate monolithic Stalinist dogmatical overtaxing plodding thoughtless unrestrained shocking acute no piece of cake huffish self-asserting high-hat pretentious hifalutin toploftical uppish assumptive huffy bumptious stiff-necked lofty self-assertive chesty important highfalutin toplofty presuming clamorous crack-the-whip firm dictative throwing one's weight about strong-willed major turbulent tempestuous a stinker of a tumultuous unavoidable inescapable inept undiplomatic bungling communist totalistic total sweeping careful hypercritical by the book precise nit-picking strained overstrict OTT piercing urgent penetrating compulsatory obligatory throwing one's weight around mandatory required compulsory dicey hazardous easier said than done high-impact slavish torturesome drudgy unnerving high-pressure tough going worksome scabrous uphill battle hard-won no picnic marathon difficile problem ominous not easy like getting blood out of a stone almighty throwing weight around maleficent wolfish truculent barbaric in driver's seat on high horse crack the whip no ifs ands or buts no joke flat-out straight out heightened cold wrenching stinging burning caustic blistering cutting sure unpreventable inevitable certain a nuisance hardheaded headstrong humourless sedate humorless staid sober sobersided inhumane intolerant an imposition pounding poignant fated destined ineluctable carking heartbreaking robust zealous unmitigated unusual exaggerated outrageous exceptional consequential unsmiling obdurate uncomic astringent unpitying heart-rending uncharitable stony-hearted compassionless desensitized cold-blooded cold-hearted stonyhearted stoney hardhearted browbeating ironfisted affectless desensitised take-no-prisoners ironhearted enforceable narrow traditional customary conventional insistent binding limiting classical fanatical egregious yukky hurtful unwelcome unhappy sour miserable rotten distasteful unpalatable yucky heartrending chilling displeasing uncongenial unlovely unpleasing unsavory tragic sad unconventional flagrant overkill uncommon remarkable unseemly preposterous icky sore mortifying imprudent nonsensical fabulous lavish fancy irrational utter sheer very bad unsavoury provoking calamitous afflictive irritating hard-boiled po-faced out-and-out O.T.T. too much out of proportion legislating sanctioned didactic preceptive normative accepted prescribed devastating hard-shell gut-wrenching cocksure overproud pervasive unutterable marked overriding perturbing opinionated lording it prescriptive niggling maddening infuriating preponderant snotty ascendant prevalent stuffy disdainful telling suffocating irrefutable plaguy pestiferous concerning pestilential harassing unrefined unsettling pesky discomposing troublous rude coarse very strong uncouth importunate loutish uncultured crude undisciplined murder rowdy infestive dangerous alarming damaging ugly messy disorderly churlish ungracious brusque vulgar blunt curt impolite boorish uncivil crass discourteous ill-bred ribald foul indecent oafish lewd profane indecorous unpolished indelicate bluff obscene uncultivated ill-mannered unmannerly bearish dirty bawdy inelegant roughcast vulgarian filthy untutored louring bad-mannered steely tasteless foul-mouthed ungentle artless insensible unceremonious lowbrow common lowbred loud roughneck incult unladylike lowering ungentlemanly raffish

Verb

Present participle for to diminish the confidence or courage of
disheartening daunting demoralising demoralizing dispiriting unnerving cowing depressing intimidating unmanning crushing dismaying dashing dejecting deterring disappointing casting down chilling chillin frustrating overawing making despondent making downhearted putting off abashing afflicting alarming appalling awing aweing bothering bullying confusing dampening deprecating disparaging distressing drooping frightening irking prostrating repressing scaring troubling trying vexing weighing psyching out beating down causing to lose heart breaking one's heart putting a damper on saddening oppressing upsetting weighing down shaking desolating scaring off burdening dissuading bumming out getting down bringing down enervating subduing grieving knocking the stuffing out of aggrieving weakening warning off sapping knocking sideways knocking for six throwing cold water on making gloomy making unhappy making sad giving someone the blues damping bugging pouring cold water on ailing perturbing disturbing chagrining mortifying weighing heavily on scaring away chasing off driving away undermining throwing humbling tormenting abasing frightening away debilitating deflating disconcerting bringing low harrowing getting to making someone fed up hanging over enfeebling disempowering annoying disinclining making dejected humiliating exasperating devitalizing irritating fazing shattering squashing wearying flattening narking putting down haunting harassing reducing to tears hacking off dulling chastening making desolate hurting making miserable paining casting a gloom upon bringing tears to your eyes turning one off dampening spirits causing suffering to dragging down making blue bringing one down putting into a funk making your heart bleed breaking someone's heart frightening off emasculating putting someone off demotivating dispraising clouding flooring casting a shadow discomforting lying getting someone down lying heavy on preying on infuriating angering breaking subjugating lowering overwhelming suppressing stifling worrying maddening downing deploring pressing diminishing squelching smothering taking the heart out of souring dissatisfying embittering aggravating inhibiting devastating quelling overcoming deadening extinguishing overpowering curbing defeating miffing draining torturing rattling damping down bearing down on beating dragging darkening casting a gloom on warning cautioning making dispirited making crestfallen indisposing concerning running down driving mad driving crazy making discontented disorganizing unzipping jumbling disarranging muddling discountenancing unsettling embarrassing snarling crippling unglueing ungluing disordering nonplussing hindering wounding agonizing agitating casting a pall over stinging winding up discommoding pestering plaguing gnawing at stressing discomposing keeping under making nervous making anxious racking agonising burning up riling cutting to the quick straining fretting displeasing breaking the heart of causing anguish to making wretched galling dumping shaming sending up taking apart blowing out blowing up knocking the wind out of harshing someone's mellow harshing one's mellow taking steam out bearing down throwing a pall over making worried giving someone the hump snubbing belittling debunking destroying quashing talking out of shooting down puncturing balloon taking the wind out of somebody's sails taking the wind out of someone's sails letting wind out of sails taking down a peg or two letting down easy taking down knocking down cutting down to size desiccating gelding dehydrating petrifying castrating lobotomizing ruining degrading busting vanquishing demoting smashing impairing disrating incapacitating reducing downgrading impoverishing taming routing bringing to ruin causing instability bringing someone to their knees melting softening touching arousing sympathy tugging at someone's heartstrings arousing pity tugging at the heart

Verb

Present participle for to diminish the confidence or courage of
unnerving daunting demoralising demoralizing dismaying disconcerting disheartening dispiriting upsetting frightening shaking unmanning alarming flustering rattling confounding cowing dejecting perturbing agitating discomfiting discomposing distressing disturbing fazing throwing unsettling disarming disquieting intimidating jolting ruffling startling chilling chillin discombobulating frustrating panicking stunning stupefying taking aback unhinging bewildering buffaloing distracting enervating enfeebling flooring needling nonplussing riding sapping scaring spooking surprising uncalming undermining weakening worrying shaking up bowling over getting to putting into a flap setting back throwing into a tizz throwing off throwing off balance giving a turn psyching out putting someone off their stroke putting the wind up causing someone to lose their composure appalling deterring terrifying terrorizing abashing awing aweing terrorising browbeating putting off horrifying shocking subduing affrighting alaruming bothering perplexing discomforting vexing mystifying petrifying bullying confusing frighting discountenancing overwhelming troubling overawing embarrassing saddening disillusioning bulldozing scarifying repelling stiffing astounding chagrining disenchanting flummoxing disappointing baffling striking terror into puzzling disgruntling scaring away depressing scaring to death dumbfounding scaring off curdling the blood making teeth chatter letting down chilling to the bone making blood run cold making nervous staring down putting off balance outstaring outfacing standing up to mortifying impressing pressuring pressurizing blinding someone with something taking someone's breath away annoying making anxious making uneasy consternating throwing into panic pressurising destabilizing unbalancing thwarting muddling scaring stiff scaring witless irritating filling with fear freezing your blood scaring the bejesus out of getting the wind up throwing into a panic giving someone goose pimples destabilising blinding making one's flesh creep putting the fear of God into giving someone the heebie-jeebies scaring the pants off making your blood run cold giving one the creeps throwing into a fright chilling someone to the marrow scaring someone out of their wits making your hair stand on end throwing into a blue funk scaring the living daylights out of scaring someone half to death pouring cold water on throwing cold water on making someone jump out of their skin pulling the rug from under pulling the rug out from under making one's blood run cold scaring the daylights out of making one's hair stand on end concerning disobliging dashing casting down shattering the illusions of embittering dampening the spirits of bumming out dashing the hopes of dashing hopes distempering hagriding flurrying exercising undoing frazzling ailing paralysing derailing fussing pothering weirding out paralyzing freaking out snafuing knocking sideways filling with consternation knocking for six messing up screwing up lousing up fouling up mucking up giving someone a turn putting the wind up someone throwing into a tizzy

Verb

Present participle for to impede the work or progress of
inhibiting hindering impeding obstructing checking hampering preventing stopping arresting curbing frustrating constraining cramping restraining barring bridling fettering holding back interfering with repressing restricting shackling slowing suppressing retarding balking baulking blocking clogging deterring dissuading embarrassing encumbering foiling halting handcuffing handicapping hobbling hog-tying manacling quashing short-circuiting slowing down smothering stifling stymieing thwarting trammelling trammeling debarring forbidding prohibiting reining in averting bitting enjoining fazing holding up interdicting outlawing putting a brake on reducing sandbagging stalling tabooing tying up warding withholding hanging up holding down holding in keeping in putting an end to nipping in the bud putting an stop to putting on brakes stemming the flow of throwing a spanner in the works of detaching removing controlling delaying stemming weaning staying limiting reining pausing neutralizing swallowing catching interrupting containing muffling squelching cutting short stilling terminating fighting back staunching bottlenecking holding moderating counteracting governing choking circumventing braking bottling up checkmating taming regulating repulsing choking back rebuffing neutralising drawing up keeping in check keeping back slackening pace keeping a lid on biting back pulling in pulling up fetching up keeping under control standing in the way of bringing to a standstill putting a spoke in someone's wheel playing for time hamstringing cumbering confining crippling stonewalling baffling forestalling derailing tying borking getting in the way of throwing a monkey wrench in the works of setting back crimping getting in the way curtailing disrupting detaining cutting off interfering shutting down cramping one's style shutting off straitening scuppering opposing binding entangling slowing up bogging down shutting out closing off choking off decelerating gagging sabotaging defeating crabbing freezing scotching shelving postponing spoiling weighing down retardating holding off putting off taking down giving a hard time subduing squashing garrotting constricting quelching discontinuing suspending killing inconveniencing strangling disadvantaging obscuring stamping out stunting overturning stumping putting paid to damming slackening deferring burdening bringing up leashing tying down intermitting warding off contravening ruining intercepting chaining upsetting muzzling decreasing miring lessening staving off loitering heading off putting back putting the kibosh on saddling with dragging one's feet backing off bringing to screeching halt throwing a spanner in the works delimiting circumscribing throttling screening complicating straitjacketing precluding standing fencing overloading setting limits on imposing limits on ending monkeying with dissuading from incommoding resisting oppressing bothering discommoding charging entrammelling entrammeling coming to a standstill petering out not moving standing off protracting impairing picking off making difficult preventing from making progress remitting proroguing lousing up boxing in taking out of play putting the brakes on prolonging putting a crimp in throwing a spoke in the wheel of holding over holding off on making late holding captive clipping someone's wings dragging feet discomfiting rattling sidelining disconcerting debilitating putting straitjacket on enmeshing ensnaring capturing netting putting at a disadvantage scrubbing bracing dropping sidetracking fixing throwing monkey wrench in tempering countering snagging placing at a disadvantage putting out of commission giving disadvantage taking out entrapping screwing up fouling up tiing one's hands knocking off crushing hemming in tethering diminishing lagging abating getting out of dashing sinking extinguishing silencing submerging deadening destroying pocketing embogging quieting reefing qualifying procrastinating escaping bypassing beating evading bringing to an end snookering nullifying circumnavigating muting quelling overpowering quenching pouring cold water on putting a damper on throwing cold water on putting the damper on disappointing puzzling plugging cutting down cutting back keeping waiting letting down flaps winding down losing steam anchoring it losing speed putting the brakes on hitting the brakes defending against deflecting steering clear of skirting sidestepping hesitating dawdling bogging loafing downing faltering poking flagging mystifying confounding damping down shushing barricading sealing caulking nonplussing crashing unsettling juking doing for putting the stopper on wrecking keeping lid on taking wind out of outwitting avoiding ditching filling up jamming blockading clogging up closing up filling closing out blocking out flummoxing letting up packing jamming up stuffing stanching closing blocking up stopping up choking up bunging up cornering pigeonholing dead-ending blocking off bunging occluding hanging fire stoppering congesting bottling plugging up putting on hold putting on back burner giving the run around throwing a monkey wrench into

Verb

Present participle for keep at bay
fending off averting avoiding deflecting deterring fighting off holding off keeping away rebuffing rebutting rejecting repelling repulsing resisting spurning warding off keeping at bay beating off driving back holding at bay keeping at a distance keeping at arm's length keeping off parrying rebuking refusing snubbing staving off turning aside protecting against defending against declining slighting cutting repudiating turning down ignoring disdaining dismissing cold-shouldering checking denying giving the cold shoulder telling someone where to get off freezing out stiff-arming giving the brush looking right through neglecting reproving crossing giving someone the go-by lashing out at brushing off telling off sending away disallowing putting off putting in one's place snouting cutting dead giving someone the brush-off chiding putting down opposing passing up disregarding knocking back not hearing of shunning scorning ostracizing ostracising sending to Coventry coldshouldering treating with contempt stiffing blanking excluding holding back scouting brushing aside sneering at scoffing at misprizing obstructing sniffing at turning away pooh-poohing looking past turning back looking down on steering clear of sending packing giving the bum's rush deriding belittling mocking discounting giving somebody the cold shoulder playing down ridiculing contemning jilting waving aside dissing driving away foiling cooling forcing back treating disrespectfully making light of frustrating beating back thrusting back taking no notice of acting cool holding in contempt turning up your nose at putting to flight seeing off turning back on balking at looking down upon giving the cold shoulder to not giving time of day shrugging off turning your back on turning nose up at sneezing at looking straight through turning on relucting turning against turning your nose up at giving a pain stopping evading delaying looking straight through someone pretending not to see intercepting refusing admittance to giving somebody the run-around defeating making unwelcome turning up one's nose fighting back blocking stalling filibustering heave-hoing nixing overthrowing setting aside forcing away throwing back setting back pouring cold water on throwing cold water on putting out of one's mind putting aside blinking at showing disrespect for turning deaf ear to showing disrespect turning one's back on bilking ditching stonewalling fighting staying clear of confronting humiliating having no part in standing aloof from turning away from staying shy of giving the runaround insulting recoiling from not touching leaving alone shying away from having nothing to do with shrinking from shying from fighting shy of palming off giving a wide berth shaking off keeping your distance from having no part of keeping clear of keeping away from giving a wide berth to preventing traversing dueling kicking standing off disowning duelling disputing disparaging despising undermining wiping making little of driving off affronting giving cold shoulder to standing up against forcing off casting aside knocking down chasing away flouting pouring scorn on disrespecting laughing at being above jeering at heaping scorn on humbling mortifying shaming expressing contempt scoffing pissing over abhorring defying hating confuting taunting renouncing pissing on trashing reviling gibing spitting on sneering refuting laughing out of court blowing raspberries at scolding scratching swanking slurring censuring chilling offending chillin boycotting burring icing ducking upstaging running down considering beneath you curling your lip at spitting in the face of showing contempt for making fun of giving the Bronx cheer to considering beneath one spitting in the eye of icing out holding up to scorn giving the brushoff looking coldly upon giving someone a slap in the face putting the chill on

Antonym of discouraging

discouraging Idiom, Proverb

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